IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2
On 29 March 1942, General Douglas MacArthur announced his support for the Australian Governments proposal that no more African-American soldiers be sent to Australia during World War 2. The proposal also suggested that those units that were already in Australia should be sent to New Caledonia or India. General Douglas MacArthur said:-
"I will do everything possible to prevent friction or resentment on the part of the Australian government and people at the presence of American colored troops ... Their policy of exclusion against everyone except the white race known locally as the 'White Australia' plan is universally supported here".
This support by MacArthur meant that African-American units that were serving in New Guinea or the islands were not able to be sent back to Australia on R & R, as was the case with the white soldiers.
Most African-American units had white officers in command. These officers were usually not liked by their troops and friction was easily generated.
On 17 February 1945 General Douglas MacArthur issued the following statement for use by the Afro-American Press:-
"I have been asked to express an opinion as to the character of service of the negro soldiers in the Southwest Pacific Area. I find it difficult to answer categorically this question for to me there is no differentiation because of race, color, or creed among the soldiers of my command. All are the same in my eyes. All share equally in our victories. Their service has been magnificent. Their patience, their fortitude, their courage, and their complete devotion to their country mark them as belonging to the nation's noblest citizens."
|29th Quartermaster Regiment (Truck)|
|91st Engineers General Service Regiment||92nd Quartermaster Company||96th Battalion, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Coloured) General Service Regiment|
|100 Negroes of the 96th Battalion involved in a fight in Townsville||106 Japanese Marines intercepted at Cromarty, in north Queensland by American Negro soldiers from Woodstock. Two Negroes were wounded and a number of Japanese Marines were killed||577th Ordnance Ammunition Company|
|578th Ordnance Ammunition Company||580th Ordnance Ammunition Company||623rd Ordnance Ammunition Company|
|630th Ordnance Company||636th Ammunition Ordnance Company||870th Engineer Aviation Battalion (coloured)|
|3452nd Quartermaster Truck Company||5203rd Quartermaster Truck Battalion||Bomb and ammunition dump in Beneke's paddock, Chermside, Brisbane, near the corner of Webster Road and Rode Road guarded by U.S. Negro soldiers|
|Negro servicemen riot at Upper Ross, Townsville||North American Service Club in Townsville||Doctor Carver
U.S. Army Canteen for Negroes, Grey St., opposite South Brisbane Railway Station, Brisbane, QLD
|Disturbance at a Dance in the Ingham Town Hall in November 1942||Red Cross Worker raped in Townsville in January 1944|
|Negro soldiers worked at the Darra Ordnance Ammunition Depot in Brisbane||
Negro amateur heavyweight
boxer Al Hoosman in
Australia during WW2
"Big Al" went on to become a movie star
Booker T Washington Club
Club for Negroes
|Negro soldier stabbed man in Brisbane on 12 January 1943||Negro soldier shot at Surry Hills by Provost officers on 2 Aug 1943 died the next day|
|Negro Soldier found shot dead at Darra on 14 December 1943||Negro soldier stabbed in Brisbane during fight with 4 white US soldiers on 2 August 1944|
|Two negroes and an allied servicemen escaped in NSW and recaptured on 31 December 1943||Negro stabbed 2 US Navy Sailors and elderly man at South Brisbane on 11 September 1942||
soldier kills Australian soldier
in Sydney on 13 April 1944
|3 negro servicemen injured in collision between US military truck and taxi at Darra, Brisbane on 1 September 1944|
Can anyone help me with more information?
© Peter Dunn 2015
This page first produced 9 December 2001
This page last updated 22 January 2019