SEVENTH FLEET, US NAVY
FORMERLY SOUTHWEST PACIFIC FORCE
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2
Vice Admiral Herbert F. Leary was appointed as the Commander Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacific Area COMALNAVFORSWP on 18 April 1942. At the same time Vice Admiral Leary also became Commander, Southwest Pacific Force COMSOUWESPAC under which he reported directly to Admiral King. Vice Admiral Leary was replaced by Vice Admiral Arthur S. Carpender on 11 September 1942. He also had the same dual reporting arrangements. The Southwest Pacific Force became the 7th Fleet on 15 March 1943 and its task forces were renumbered, to start with the number "7".
The US Navy's Seventh Fleet was attached to South West Pacific area during WWII under the overall command of General Douglas MacArthur. They were known as "MacArthur's Navy". The Seventh Fleet was established on 19 February 1943.
WWII Commanding Officers of the Seventh Fleet were:-
Vice Admiral Arthur S. Carpender 19 Feb 1943 - 26 Nov 1943
Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid 26 Nov 1943 - 19 Nov 1945
In May 1944, Vice Admiral Kinkaid was listed as the Commander of Allied Naval Forces. His office was in Room 519 on the 5th floor of the GHQ SWPA in the AMP Building in Queen street in Brisbane.
Rear Admiral J. Cary Jones, was Deputy Commander Southwest Pacific Force and Chief of Staff, Seventh Fleet under Vice Admiral A.S. Carpender in April 1943.
On 1 April 1943, the Seventh Fleet comprised:-
Task Force Seventy
Task Force Seventy One
Task Force Seventy Two
Task Force Seventy Three
Task Force Seventy Four
Task Force Seventy Six
Task Force Seventy Eight
Service Force, Seventh Fleet
Southwest Pacific Sea Frontiers
The Seventh Fleet had its Headquarters in Brisbane, in southern Queensland in May 1944.
The Seventh Fleet comprised:-
The US Navy had a large Naval Base in Brisbane known as US Naval Base Headquarters, Navy 134.
Facilities Report, U.S. Naval Activities, Southwest Pacific Area
Complied by Commander Seventh Fleet
Subchaser SC 648 of the 7th Fleet
Subchaser SC 738 of the 7th Fleet
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© Peter Dunn 2015
This page first produced 30 September 2003
This page last updated 19 January 2020