American Airmen Defending Northern Australia in 1942
by Dr. Tom Lewis

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In 1942, the air defense of the northern Australian frontier town Darwin was operated by airmen from the United States Army Airforce.

That year was very nearly the end of Australia as a country. To those men the present nation owes a debt.

A massive Japanese attack on Darwin on 19 February 1942 had left the town and its air base in ruins. An under strength squadron of USAAF P-40E Warhawks fought a gallant defense but was all but wiped out.

Northern Australia was now at the mercy of Imperial Japanese Navy Betty bombers and Zero fighters whose crews were both skilled and experienced. However, help was on the way. The 49th Fighter Group was the first such group formed in the US to be sent overseas after the start of the Pacific War. Its destination was Darwin.

From modest beginnings on makeshift airstrips, the 49th FG entered combat with its feared Japanese adversaries. Its P-40E Warhawks were poor interceptors but were rugged, reliable and well-armed. Unable to dogfight the highly maneuverable Zeros, the American pilots resorted to dive and zoom tactics more suited to their heavier fighters.

Over several months the 49th FG pilots fought a brave and innovative campaign against a stronger enemy that did much to safeguard Australia in its darkest hour. Today lonely and long forgotten airfields still bear the name of American pilots who made the ultimate sacrifice.


Full colour, fully illustrated,

250mm x 176mm, 108 pages, 2 page index


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This page first produced 26 February 2021

This page last updated 27 February 2021