345TH MILITARY POLICE ESCORT GUARD COMPANY
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WWII

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On 22 December 1941, US Armed Forces started to arrive in Brisbane via the Pensacola Convoy, including Military Police units which disembarked in Brisbane. A Provost Marshal’s Office (PMO), was established in the South Brisbane Municipal Chambers (Town Hall) next to Base Section 3 Headquarters, which was established in Somerville Girls School. The basement of the Municipal Chambers was converted to detention cells for US military personnel.

 


Photo: Peter Dunn 13 Sep 2006

Basement area of Provost Marshal's Office in South Brisbane
Municipal Chambers, which was used as cells during WWII

 

The Camp La Fayette, Eagle Farm Stockade, was later established on the southern side of Hamilton Road to the south of the Eagle Farm Airfield and in the vicinity of Camp Doomben. Initially the Eagle Farm Stockade was manned by Company C, of the 738th MP Battalion, which was later replaced by the 1st Provisional Guard Company. On 24 November 1942, the 1st Provisional Guard Company was re-designated as the 345th Military Police Escort Guard Company (345th MPEG Coy). Lieutenant Andrews took over as Commanding Officer of the newly designated 345th MPEG Coy from Captain Barrett.

At that time the 345th MPEG was engaged in the managing, training and guarding of U.S. prisoners. The men were billeted at the nearby Camp Doomben. On 5 January 1943, the 345th moved from Camp Doomben to the Eagle Farm Stockade and assumed the maintenance of the Stockade, relieving "C" Company of the 738th Military Police Battalion. At that time the strength of the 345th MPEG Coy was 120 Enlisted Men and there were 110 prisoners.

Three new officers arrived in March 1943, 1st Lt. Lester F. Duffin, 2nd Lt. Lloyd, and 2nd Lt. William S. Thompson. Major George W. Stout was assigned to the 345th MPEG Coy in early April 1943 with orders to take over the operation of the new US Army Detention and Rehabilitation Centre at Round Mountain which was being built at that time about 2.5 kms north west of Laravale in the Shire of Beaudesert, Queensland.

 


Photo:-  Herbert V. Wuestenberg via Philip Armour

Round Mountain Detention Centre

 

In April 1943, Lt. Andrews was hospitalised and lost command of the 345th MPEG Coy. In the same month an extra 48 men from the 5th Replacement Depot joined the 345th MPEG Coy. Captain Edward N. Usnick was assigned to the 345th MPEG Coy on 22 May 1943 as the Executive Officer.

On about 29 June 1943, a detachment of 35 Enlisted Men and 2 Officers, Lt O'Bannon and Lt. Thurman, arrived at the new US Army Detention and Rehabilitation Centre at Round Mountain to prepare it for occupation. The remainder of the 345th MPEG Coy arrived at Round Mountain the next day.

116 prisoners arrived at Round Mountain from the Eagle Farm Stockade on 1 July 1943. The Chief Provost Marshal, USAFFE, Colonel W. G. Purdy, and Staff Judge Advocate, USAFFE, Colonel G. M. Walk carried out the first official inspection of the Center on 14 July 1943. Lieutenant Colonel Holland, Provost Marshall General, USASOS, made his initial inspection of the Center on 2 August 1943. Colonel Dart, Base Section No. 3 Surgeon inspected the Center soon afterwards.

Lieutenant Colonel Carl V. Shoemaker was assigned to the 345th MPEG Coy and assumed command of the post on 9 August 1943. Major Stout left to take over duties as the Camp Commander at Camp Doomben. Due to the increasing construction activity on site, 1st Sergeant Carl Matz was assigned as Operations Chief working under Captain Usnick. He was also Acting Sergeant Major at the Center at that time.

Captain Walter A. Liszki, of the 738th Military Police Battalion was assigned on Temporary Duties as the Post Adjutant on 15 August 1943. He was relived of Temporary Duties and reassigned to the 345th MPEG Coy on 9 September 1943. Their first Chaplain was assigned en route to join the 345th MPEG Coy on 9 September 1943. On 15 September 1943 the guards of the 345th MPEG Coy experienced their first escape when prisoners Heck, Garrison and Daley escaped from a work detail while trucking supplies from Brisbane. Another three prisoners escaped while they were participating in a baseball game on the parade ground.

1st Lt. Harry E. Hoch, 2nd Lt. Lyle M. Baylor and 2nd Lt. Gerald A. Bergin were assigned to the 345th MPEG Coy. 1st Lt. Harry E. Hoch assumed command of the 345th MPEG Coy. Captain Usnick became Post Commander on 20 October 1943 when Colonel Shoemaker was hospitalised in the 188th General Hospital for a throat operation. Lt. Col. Shoemaker returned to the organisation on 18 November 1943 and assumed command of the Center.

Company personnel completed instruction on the firing of the rifle, Thompson sub machine gun, pistol and shotgun by 20 December 1943. On the same date the 345th MPEG Coy received 12 gilts and 1 boar to start a Post Piggery. A gilt is is a female pig less than six months old that is capable of breeding and making babies.

On 1 January 1944, a contract was made for the use of the quarry adjacent to the camp to provide opportunities for hard labour details for the prisoners. During January the 345th MPEG Coy received 25 saddle horses, six of which were from the disbanded stables at the Officer's Candidate School at Camp Columbia and 19 were from the 1st Cavalry Division.

1st Sergeant Matz and Corporal Allen entered the Officer's Candidate School in January 1944. Captain Luszki, the Adjutant and Gas Officer attended the Chemical Warfare Service Training School in January 1944. Inspector O'Driscoll of Queensland Police visited the 345th MPEG Coy and was of the opinion that the company installation was on that could well be used as a model for an Australian Military Prison.

The Company and Prison personnel of the Center were reviewed on 18 March 1944 by Col. Purdy and Col. Moyott. Lt. Horace M. Stone arrived on the Post on temporary duties and took over duties of Motor Officer, Stable Officer and Assistant Prison Officer. The 345th MPEG Coy received a rating of "Excellent" after an Ordnance inspection on 10 April 1944.

5 men of the 345th MPEG Coy were selected on 14th April 1944 to proceed to Base Section No. 4 in Victoria on a confidential mission under the command of Staff Sergeant Rexroad. On 13 April 1944, Lt. Col. Shoemaker presented the Guidon (Military Standard) to the 345th MPEG Coy during the third Post Review. The gilts were farrowing in mid April 1944 ensuring the supply of rations were increased in the form of fresh pork.

By the first week of May 1944, the egg output was great enough for eggs to be served for breakfast for both the prisoner and company mess. "Yank" magazine correspondents, Cpl. Rand and Cpl. Boyce visited the Post on 5 May 1944. On 10 May 1944, Chaplain Stough, Office of the Base Chaplain, Base Section 3 and Reverend Bibby, Brisbane arrived to perform the first wedding at the Post. Garrison Prisoner Allen Chase and Miss Bertha Anderson were married in Lt. Col. Cark V. Shoemaker's office.

Lt. Lyle M. Baylor and 26 Enlisted Men left to travel to Camp Ascot to await their return to the USA under the rotation plan. Brigadier General Donaldson, the Commanding General, Base Section No. 3, visited the post on 15 May 1944. The General had lunch with the Officers and accompanied Lt. Col. Shoemaker on an inspection of the post. Brig. Gen. Donaldson reviewed all the troops at 1500 hours. Brig Gen. Donaldson indicated his desire to see the good work they were doing continued and he complimented Lt. Col. Shoemaker on the excellent appearance of the Post. On the same afternoon the Adjutant was notified of the escape of two prisoners from the pallet truck returning from Brisbane. Two prisoners were apprehended by the Provost Marshal on 17 May 1944 and returned to Round Mountain.

On 18 May 1944, the Post was visited by Colonel Ginsburgh, G-1 and G-3 Office, Lt. Col. Holland, Provost Marshal General, Captain Hughes, G-3 Section, all of the USASOS. Later that day Col. McCarthy, Colonel Ulsaker and Major Roberts made a friendly visit to the Post.

On 19 May 1944, Major Nefchess, Base Section No. 3 Sanitation Section visited the Post. After his inspection and upon leaving the post he stated that Round Mountain was one of two units in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) to receive a rating of "Excellent" for the sanitation inspection. At 2100 hours that night the Adjutant was notified of the arrival of two new medical Officers, Captain Felix Schwartz and Captain Richard Cosby both assigned to this command on Temporary Duties, from the 105th General Hospital at Gatton. They took the place of Captain Gilber E. Rudman, who was returning home under the rotation plan.

Captain Brown, A.I.F. visited the Post Commander on the afternoon of 20 May 1944 for several days. On the same afternoon, Lt. Skiver arrived on Temporary Duties awaiting orders to the United States. On 22 May 1944, Captain Rudman returned to his unit, the 42nd General Hospital leaving the medical setup under the control of the two new medical officers. The following week, the Post was visited by various section chiefs and members of Base Section units to see the excellent appearance and manner in which the Post was run.

Colonel Bleckwen, Base Section Surgeon and Colonel Yeager, Commanding Officer, 42nd General Hospital visited the Post on 24 May 1944. Both Officers were accompanied by their staff. Colonel Bleckwen inspected the facilities for the prison hospital. At the Evening Roll Call on 24 May 1944, it was found that three "C" Compound prisoners were missing. The three men were apprehended several hours later when they were found in the pallet shop inside a pile of sawdust. The three men received 14 days of solitary confinement.

On 24 May 1944, Lt. Forrest Newcom, arrived for a short stay on Temporary Duties from the 738th Military Police Battalion. On 25 and 26 May 1944, a total of 32 visitors were on the Post. On 26 May 1944, Colonel Lattimore, the new Base Commander and Colonel Nelson, Commanding Officer, Ship and Gun Crew Command No. 1 inspected the Post.

On 28 May 1944, the Company baseball team lost by a score of 14 to 1 against the 419th Signal Company, AAF, their worst defeat for the season. On 31 May 1944, the Company had a big dance in the recreation hall with music provided by the Company orchestra headed by Private Roberts, who came out from Camp Ascot  where he is awaiting transportation to the USA under the rotation plan.

On 1 June 1944, the Medical Detachment was increased by 5 men from the 105th General Hospital at Gatton who reported on Temporary Duties to replace 5 men from the 172nd Station Hospital at St Joseph's Nudgee Junior College at Indooroopilly who returned to their organisation. On 2 June 1944 Lt. Col. Marshall, Commanding Officer of the 153rd Station Hospital at Southport visited the Post accompanied by his staff.

On 3 June 1944, the first surgical operation was performed by Captain Cosby on prisoner Melvin Jones to remove a cyst from his back. Since that date, Captain Cosby was relieved by Captain Lazar.

On 4 June 1944, Colonel Lattimore, Base Section Three Commander, made a general inspection of the Post with Lieutenant Colonel Brown of the WACs. Medical Officers from the 153rd Station Hospital at Southport visited the 345th MPEG Coy on 6 and 7 June 1944. On 2 June 1944, the second marriage was performed on the Post between general prisoner William Harper and Miss Numan of Redcliffe. On 7 June 1944, Mr. Grant and Mr Chandler from Base Section Three Engineer's Office inspected the new Cummings generator at the Post power plant. On 8 June 1944, Lieutenant Roy E. Neilson, was assigned as Company Officer.

On 11 June 1944, Lieutenant Forrest Newcom who had been attached on Temporary Duties returned to his unit, the 738th Military Police Battalion. On 12 June 1944, Colonel Larue of the 8th Army Training center visited the Post and was well pleased with the operation and appearance of the post.

On 13 June 1944, 1st Lt. Parry E. Hoch, the Commanding Officer of the 345th MPEG Coy was promoted to Captain. Over the next ten days various visitors arrived from Base Section Three in accordance with a Daily Bulletin directing them to visit Round Mountain.

On 24 June 1944 Colonel Olivetti, Judge Advocate General, USAFFE and Colonel Enwahl, Judge Advocate General, USASOS, visited Colonel Shoemaker and inspected the Post. They were both pleased at the way the Post was operated. Later that night the new NCO's Club was opened in the grove of trees known as Prospect Park. They held a dance that night to mark the opening of the club. Lt. Col. Shoemaker and the Officers of the Post paid a short visit to the NCO Club during the evening. Lt. Col. Shoemaker spoke to the NCOs expressing his appreciation for their excellent work and wished them success with the ongoing operation of their new Club.

Twenty five new men arrived on 26 June 1944 replacing the twenty six Enlisted Men who had returned to the US in the April Rotation Quota. Captain Angus, US Navy and Lieutenant Colonel Wilson US Marine Corps visited Colonel Shoemaker on the same date to discuss the possibility of Naval and Marine Corps personnel and prisoners being stationed at Round Mountain.

Lieutenant Martin D. Magenheim reported to the 345th MPEG Coy and was assigned the duties as "B" Compound Officer and Post Educational Director.

On 1 July 1944 Captain Morton Lazar arrived on Temporary Duty and took over duties of Assistant Post Surgeon. He replaced Captain Richard Cosby who returned to his unit, the 105th General Hospital at Gatton. On 3 July 1944 2nd Lt. Borace M. Stone was relieved from Temporary Duty and was permanently assigned to the 345th MPEG Coy.

On 4 July 1944, Brigadier General Donaldson, the Commanding General, Base Section USASOS and Lieutenant Colonel Roney, Chief of Section, JAGD, Base Section visited the Post to grant clemency to eight General Prisoners, who had spent 2 years each in confinement. An eleven gun salute was fired as Brig. Gen. Donaldson entered the Post. Brig Gen. Donaldson inspected the post after lunch and at 1400 hours, he inspected the troops and gave a short speech. The eight men being granted clemency were then brought forward and the troops passed by in review.

On the 8 July 1944, held a party for fifty visiting WACs who arrived late but the party turned out to be a great success, the most successful ever held by the 345th MPEG Coy.

On 13 July 1944, Special Order #43, Headquarters USASOS ordered the transfer of 2nd Lieutenant Walter Smiderski to Headquarters Base 7, APO 927

Captain Canuso, the Commanding Officer of the 25th Portable Hospital visited both the Post and the Company on 1 August 1944, prior to his unit moving to Round Mountain on the following day. The 25th Portable Hospital took over the prison and camp dispensaries. Due to the modern surgery facilities installed in the prison dispensary all minor and even some major surgery was to be performed at the Post. Lt. Col. Shoemaker returned from an inspection tour of New Guinea on the 1 August 1944.

On 26 August 1944, they lost their 26 horses which were taken to Brisbane for shipment to India. These horses had provided a great amount of recreation for the men of the 345th MPEG Coy.

On Sunday 6 August 1944, the NCOs held a well attended party and BBQ at their NCO Club for the NCOs and their guests. Captain Morton Lazar completed his Temporary Duty on 9 August 1944 and returned to his organisation. On 10 August 1944, Major O'Leary, Provost Marshal, Base "B" arrived for Temporary Duty but returned to his station on the same day after the receipt of an urgent telegram.

On 19 August 1944, new Chaplain Captain Peter C. Cavanaugh arrived at Round Mountain. On the same day four horses were purchased to replace some of the horses lost by shipment to India. The Company had an organization party for 75 WACs from Brisbane on the evening of 19 August 1944.

On 23 August 1944, General Order # 167, Headquarters, USASOS, was received which established Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center. This order called for the transfer of three Officers and fifty two Enlisted Men from the 345th MPEG Coy which happened on 1 September 1944. Also on 23 August 1944, the 345th MPEG Coy received news that Navy prisoners were to be assigned to Round Mountain. The US Navy personnel were to be quartered and rationed with the 345th MPEG Coy.

On 24 August 1944 Captain Felix Schwartz, the popular Post surgeon was sent to hospital, leaving the Post medical setup completely in the hands of the 25th Portable Hospital. On the same date Lt. Flanagan, Office of the Provost Marshal, Base Two, arrived at the 345th MPEG Coy on Temporary Duty. On 25 August 1944, the Post held its first special Court, the Board of which was composed of Company officers.

On 26 August 1944, Lieutenant Flanagan left the 345th MPEG Coy after completing his Temporary Duty, returning to his station at APO 922.

On 1 September 1944, fifty two Enlisted Men and three Officers of the 345th MPEG Coy were transferred in grade to the Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center. Those men remained in their positions on the Post and were quartered and rationed with the 345th MPEG Coy.

Captain Felix Schwartz, Medical Corps, Post Surgeon, who had been on Temporary Duty with the 345th MPEG Coy returned to his own unit.

On 8 September 1944, a farewell parade was held for one Officer and eleven Enlisted Men who were the June, July, August quota under the Rotation Plan returning to the USA. They were as follows:-

Captain Harold K. Krohn
Sergeant Warga
Tec 4 Koehler
Tec 5 Klingbeil
Tec 5 Gallagher
Corporal Bills
Corporal Ress
PFC Mosher
Pfc Bloedorn
PFC Haring
Pvt. Katz
Pvt. Sauer

On 9 September 1944, Lieutenant Noel H. Griffin, Post Adjutant, left the Post en route to Sydney on Temporary Duty. On the same day the motor pool personnel had their annual Base motor inspection.

On 13 September 1944, Lieutenant Commanders Trexler, Macy, Stur and Schwalm of the US Navy visited Round Mountain in regards to the forthcoming arrival of US Navy personnel. Lieutenant Commander Trexler, Legal Officer for Navy Base 134 in Brisbane made the following statement:-

"In rating this Post and organization, I give it a rating of 'Superior'. A wonderful job has been done here by the men of this organization."

On 14 September 1944, Lieutenant Griffin, Post Adjutant, returned to the organization after completing his Temporary Duty in Sydney.

On 19 September 1944, the Officer's Mess had Lieutenant Colonel Roney, Lieutenant Colonel Scherman, Lieutenant Colonel Schmerlin, Lieutenant Colonel Birkness and Warrant Officer Adler, who composed the Base Section Clemency Board as guests for a luncheon. The 345th MPEG Coy was proud to have the Clemency Board visit their Post to see the excellent work of the personnel of the organization and the Stockade.

On 19 September 1944, Mr. J. F. Whitney of the Justice Department of Queensland visited the Post and organization, and commented on his departure of the excellent manner in which the Post was administered.

On 20 September 1944, Lieutenant Skiver, who had been on Temporary Duty with the organization, was transferred to the Rotation Detachment in Base Three to return to the United States. On the same date, Tec 3 Gouin, Company Mess Sergeant, also transferred to the Rotation Detachment, Base Three.

On 22 September 1944, Commander Hastings from the US Navy and Lieutenant Annan visited and brought the first detachment of eighteen US Navy prisoners with them. On 23 September 1944, 1st Sergeant Rexroad left the organization, and was transferred to the Rotation detachment, Base "B" for return to the United States.

On 26 September 1944, Captain Pugnier, Post Dental Surgeon, left the organization for a period in hospital. On the same afternoon, the following five US Navy officers visited the Post to inspect the facilities to be used by US Navy personnel to be stationed with the 345th MPEG Coy:-

Lieutenant Kerr
Lieutenant Raflo
Ensign Wiliamson
Ensign Williams
Ensign Bartell

On 29 September 1944, Colonel Lockland, Staff Judge Advocate, 8th Army and Lieutenant Colonel Roney, Staff Judge Advocate, Base Section, USASOS visited Colonel Shoemaker and had a lunch with the officers of the 345th MPEG Coy. Colonel Lockland was greatly impressed with the work done by the 345th MPEG Coy and said that the Post had an excellent appearance.

On 3 November 1944, Private James T. Bear left for Temporary Duty with the Rotation Detachment, Base Three to return to the US on furlough. On the same afternoon a formal retreat parade was held with all personnel participating. Eighty one Good Conduct medals were awarded to men in the 345th MPEG Coy. Lt. Col. Shoemaker, Post Commander, ordered all the men forward before presenting the medals and spoke to the men in ranks stating how proud he was of the standing that the men before him had attained in receiving these medals.

On 13 November 1944, Captain Pugnier, Dental Corps, and Private Roberto, left for return to the US on the Rotation policy. Captain Pugnier was an outstanding dentist and was very well liked by everyone.

On 14 November 1944, Captain Cavanaugh, Chaplian, Lt. Magenheim and Lt. Stone were transferred to the Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center. On the same day, fourteen officers from the General and Special Court-Martial Base Three, visited the Post. They were led by Major Miller and Major Simmons on this tour.

On 16 November 1944, Colonel Purdy, Chief Provost Marshal, USAFFE, Colonel Kean, G-1 Section, USAFFE and Colonel Coursey, G-1 Section, Washington D.C. visited and inspected the Post. Colonel Shoemaker accompanied the officers on their visit and Colonel Coursey stated that he could see why Round Mountain was obtaining such an excellent reputation throughout the Southwest Pacific Area.

On Sunday afternoon, 19 November 1944, the Special Service show "20th Century Follies" visited the Post for a performance that evening for the men of the 345th MPEG Coy and the men in the stockade.

On 22 November 1944, Lt. Col. Russell and Captain Rogerson, Australian Army Officers, inspected the Post accompanied by Lt. Col. Shoemaker.

On Thursday 23 November 1944, Thanksgiving was celebrated with the traditional American feast of turkey, cranberry sauce etc being served to all the members of the Post. Later on that evening a "beer bust" was held in the grove for the men of the 345th MPEG Coy. The men stated it was the best Thanksgiving Day they had ever spent overseas.

On 26 November 1944, quite a few men of the 345th MPEG Coy went to a an American gridiron football game at the Brisbane Exhibition Ground between the Base All-Stars and the Base Engineers. The Base All-Stars defeated the Base Engineers 19 - 13. The game was organised by M/Sgt Sol Kaplan of the US Army Special Services Athletic Section and the Allied Forces Sunday Sports Entertainment Committee. The Base Engineers paraded their donkey mascot lavishly decorated in the colours of the Base Engineers much to the humour of the enthusiastic crowd. One of the outstanding players on the field was Lewis M. Turner, coach of the Base All-Stars, a quick-thinking quarterback. He was closely pressed by Tom Garrity, a hard driving back. In the forward line, Robert Prymucki (left tackle) and Clemith Lowitz (right tackle) stood out for the Base All-Stars. The best of the Base Engineers were Earl Bailey, a fast and peppery guard, Otis Pound, a shifty quarterback, and Lee Humphries, described as a "swivel-hipped" half back.

On 1 December 1944, the 345th MPEG Coy was reorganized without change of station or assignment with an authorised strength after reorganization of 3 officers and 132 Enlisted Men (previously 135 E.M.). Personnel rendered excess as a result of that action reported to the Commanding General, Base Section USASOS, who was authorised to effect reassignment to authorised vacancies within his command.

On Monday evening 4 December 1944 the men of the 345th MPEG Coy were entertained by a play titled "Private Secretary" by the Beaudesert Red Cross. The cast was made up of local citizens and was well received by the men.

On 7 December 1944, Sergeant Carl V. Shoemaker II was assigned to the Rotation Detachment, Base Three for return to the U.S. on rotation. He had 32 months of service in the Southwest Pacific Area having originally arrived with the 41st Infantry Division.

Major Berlein, Surgeon General's Office, Washington D.C. inspected the Post on 14 December 1944. He had visited almost every rehabilitation center in the United States and stated that this post was the finest institution of its kind that he had visited.

On 16 December 1944, Brigadier General Thomas Rilea inspected the Post and a retreat parade was held in the General's honour with all Post personnel participating.

On the evening of Friday 22 December 1944, the company held another "beer bust" down in the grove which was commonly known as Prospect Park.

On the evening of 29 December 1944, The Special Services G.I. Show "Stars and Stripes" visited the Post. It was held in the Post warehouse and was well attended.

On 3 January 1945, Sergeant Muse was transferred to the Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center. On the same day Private First Class Anthony Farina was transferred into the 345th MPEG Coy.

On 12 January 1945 the following men were transferred to the Rotation Detachment, Base Section, USASOS in readiness to return to the U.S. on rotation:-

Sgt. Machinsky
Corporal Camp
Private First Class Wright
Private Foster

On 13 January 1945, Lt. M. D. Magenheim took over duties of Mess Officer from Lt. R. E. Neilson. Two members of the 345th MPEG Coy paid the penalty for their mistake and were released from confinement at this Post and restored to duty.

On Sunday morning, 14 January 1945, Lt. Col. Carl V. Shoemaker, Post Commander left on 30 days leave in the United States after being in this theater for 34 months. On 16 January 1945, heavy rains turned the area surrounding the Company into a miniature lake.

On 17 January 1945, Sergeant Stein was transferred to the Detachment of Patients, 42nd General Hospital.

On 20 January 1945, the Company received its rotation quota for February 1945. Corporal Dawley and Private First Class Kemp were to leave on rotation and Private First Class Richardson was sent elsewhere on Temporary Duties.

Lt. M. D. Magenheim was transferred to the Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center on 26 January 1945.

On 27 January 1945, Private Eimer and Private Logan were transferred to the 1897th Engineer Bn, (Avn), APO 72.  On the same day, Captain Harry E. Hoch, Commander of the 345th MPEG Coy left for APO 927 on Temporary Duty of seven days duration. Lieutenant Neilson assumed command for that period of time.

February 1945 was noteworthy due to change in personnel early in the month and the failure of Lt. Col. Shoemaker to return for his Temporary Duties. On 1 February 1945, Captain Arlin H. Adams, Chaplain Corps, was assigned to the Company from Hq. Base 7, APO 927 and arrived on Post on 13 February 1945.

On 3 February 1945, Privates Arthur J. Kimer and Max H. Logan were transferred to the 1897th Eng. Bn., APO 72. On the same day Captain H. E. Hoch, Commander of the Company returned from APO 927 from his 7 days of Temporary Duty.

On 6 February 1945, notice was received that Lt. Griffin was to be transferred to the New Guinea Detention and Rehabilitation Center and 1st Lt. Eugene J. Czachorski was to be assigned to the Company from the New Guinea Detention and Rehabilitation Center.

On 8 February 1945, Corporal Norman B. Dawley and Pfc Ralph W. Kemp were transferred to the Rotation Detachment, ABS, USASOS, APO 923 for rotation back to the U.S.

On 9 February 1945, Private Edmund F. Fields transferred to the Detachment of Patients, 42nd General Hospital. On the same date Colonel Holland, USASOS Provost Marshal, Colonel McCook, Major Nesmith, from Washington D.C. and party made a quick inspection visit to the Post.

In March 1945, Lt. Col. Carl V. Shoemaker (0-178434) was transferred to the Office of the Provost Marshal, Headquarters, USAFFE.

On 3 March 1945, Pfc T. Bear (19071307) had an accident whilst returning from Temporary Duty in the United States. He was admitted sick to the 42nd General Hospital.

On 6 March 1945, Anthony Stanasek (36308832) returned to duty with the Company from Temporary Duty in the United States.

On 7 March 1945, Lieutenant Colonel Carl V. Shoemaker (O-178434) returned to the Post after being on leave in the United States.

On 8 March 1945, 1st Lieutenant Sherman C. Sawtelle, Jr., (0-424803), assumed command of the Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center relieving 1st Lieutenant Milton D. Magenheim (0-572482).

On 16 March 1945, Pfc James T. Bear (19071307) returned to the Company from the 42nd General Hospital where he had been recovering from injuries incurred coming back from rotation from the United States.

On 17 March 1945, 1st Lieutenant Eugene J. Czachorski (0-1321752) was relieved assignment to the Company and assigned attached as a patient at the 42nd General Hospital where he had been a patient since 9 March 1945.

On 19 March 1945, Staff Sergeant Henry A. Scheeler (34290548), Pfc James G. Hall (34121388) of the 345th MPEG Coy, were relieved from assignment and attached to the Rotation detachment, Australia Base Section (ABSEC), USASOS, awaiting transportation to the United States. On the same date, Corporal Floyd W. Overstreet (33132505) was relieved assignment Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center and assigned to the Rotation Detachment, Australia Base Section, USASOS. Private Clemens Barens (36334845) was also placed on Temporary Duty with the Rotation Detachment.

On 20 March 1945, Private First Class Charles A. Richardson (15105233) departed on Temporary Duty to the United States on compassionate leave, having learnt of the serious illness of his mother.

On 22 March 1945, 1st Lieutenant Charles R. Wing, (0-461580) was relieved assignment Headquarters, Australia Base Section, USASOS and assigned to the 345th MPEG Coy, effective 23 March 1945.

On 28 March 1945, 1st Lieutenant Eugene J. Czachorski (0-1321752) was placed on Detached Service with the Company, after having been attached unassigned Detachment 3, Headquarters, Australia Base Section, USASOS, due to the medical board proceedings at the 42nd General Hospital.

On 29 March 1945, Captain Edward N. Usnick (0-301038) assumed command of Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center relieving Lieutenant Colonel Carl V. Shoemaker (0-178434) who was assigned to Headquarters, Military Police Command, USAFFE, APO 501.

On 31 March 1945, Private Raymond L. Morency (37283477) was relieved assignment to the Company and assigned in grade to the 813th Military Police Company, APO 72.

Lieutenant Colonel Shoemaker, departed the Post on 2 April 1945 to report to Headquarters, Military Police Command, APO 501. On the same day, Captain Arlin H. Adams, the Post Chaplain, left for seven days leave in Sydney. Her returned to Round Mountain on 10 April 1945.

On 14 April 1945. Pfc John G. Harris (19052072) was transferred to the Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center.

On 15 April 1945, Privates Harold L. Jabbora (20947979), Francis S. Lantier (32178505), Edwin L. Olmstead (20937356), and William A. Swoape (35554045) were placed on Temporary Duty, VOCG, ABSEC, USASOS, APO 923, to Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center, APO 923.

On 16 April 1945, Technician 4th Grade Hurbert J. Tuffy (33168281) and Technician 5th Grade Guadalupe O. Gomez (39019423) were relieved assignment Headquarters Detachment, Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center and attached unassigned in grade to Rotation Detachment, ABSEC, USASOS, APO 923.

On 18 April 1945, Captain Harry E. Hoch (0-442739) was relieved assignment and command of the 345th MPEG Coy, and assigned to New Guinea Detention and Rehabilitations Company, and assigned to New Guinea Detention and Rehabilitation Center, APO 503, effective 25 April 1945. On 19 April 1945, 1st Lt. Charles R. Wing (0-461580) assumed command of the 345th MPEG Coy relieving Captain Harry E. Hoch (0-442739).

On 7 April 1945, General Order 104, Headquarters, US Army Services of Supply cited the 345th MPEG Coy, and the headquarters detachment of the Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center, the Meritorious Services Unit Plaque for superior performance of their duties and appearances.

 


From Harold Meinheit via Phil Armour

 

345thmp-02.jpg (430086 bytes)
From Harold Meinheit via Phil Armour

List of men of the 345th MP Co.

 

Harold Meinheit  was an M.P. with the 345th MP Escort Guard Company at the US Army Detention and Rehabilitation Centre at Round Mountain during WWII. You can find him on the above Roster List.

 

345thmp-03.jpg (424993 bytes)

Details of a Meritorious Award
received by the 345th MPEG Coy

 

The Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center had a weekly Newsletter called the "Stone Age". A link to the 20 January 1945 edition is provided below.

 

Stone Age Volume II, 20 January 1945, Edition 3

 

REFERENCES

Round Mountain Detention and Rehabilitation Center
by MSG Patrick V. Garland and Mr. Mark S. Lindsay

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I'd like to thank Phil Armour for his assistance with this home page.

 

Can anyone help me with more information?

 

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This page first produced 1 January 2005

This page last updated 18 February 2018